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15 Things You Should Know About Iran and Its People

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Last updated Aug 28, 2020 @ 11:01 pm 

Chances are that you haven’t considered Iran as a must see destination. Who would, right? With the usual negative rhetoric towards the country and its political representatives.. it makes one doubt the safety.

But nothing can be further from the truth. Politics aside, Iran is the most welcoming country I’ve ever been to. So I wrote up a short and sweet overview of what you should know about Iran and Iranians. Enjoy! :)

Here’s a short video of all the things I think you should know about Iran and Iranians. Details are covered later in the article text :)

Iranians are extremely hospitable

You can see it everywhere – from shy smiles, to curious questions about where you’re from, Iranians are welcoming to visitors and are generally happy to see travellers coming.

In traditional hotels and houses, they’ll treat you like family and you might even be invited for a homemade meal, just from a person on the street!

No wonder Couchsurfing is so popular there. I haven’t tried Couchsurfing in Iran myself, but have heard the only potential ‘threat’ is that a host might be too friendly and might want to accompany you everywhere.

What a threat, right?

See also my fellow blogger’s take on Iranian hospitality.

Bread baker in Esfahan, Iran

Friendly baker in Esfahan, Iran. Yes, we got a piece of bread :)

Check out also this comprehensive guide on traveling to Iran.

Iranians care about their country’s image abroad

Most Iranians I’ve met feel sad about the image of Iran abroad. Of course, the information they get is a bit biased, but they are always hopeful that you as a traveler to Iran will then tell everyone how great it’s been there!

We were often asked about what we thought of Iran and we always honestly replied how amazed we were by the hospitality of people.

Iran has the bad luck to lie in an unstable region, but it’s one of the safest countries in the area.

Spice shop owner, bazaar in Esfahan, Iran

A friendly local in his spice shop.. in a bazaar!

Iran is a safe travel destination

No matter what your nationality or religion, you’ll be perfectly fine. Don’t cause conflicts and follow the local rules and you have nothing to worry about.

The troubled areas of Iran are along its borders with Iraq, Afghanistan and Pakistan. Many travellers are fine in those areas as well, but for the cautious traveler it’s a big no-no.

When it comes to practicalities, visa is supposedly not issued to everybody. For me as a Czech citizen, there was no problem. I could even get an on-arrival visa.

If you already have an Israeli stamp in your passport, get a second passport for your Iranian visa.

If you’re American or British, you’ll need a local guide accompanying you everywhere. Even if you’re Harley Davidson riders, like the Brits we met in Yazd.

Fortunately, the guides are often very easy going, so fear not that you would end up with a government official as if you were in North Korea or somewhere.

Read more on Iran safety here.

In a park in Esfahan, Iran

Friends playing chess with gaz (local sweets) in Esfahan.. the friendly Iranian who passed by had a sweet tooth and needed a candy!

It’s cheap to travel around Iran

Iran is really cheap for us visitors from the Western world. Even with the high inflation and sometimes-outdated prices in guidebooks, prices are still relatively low.

I’d say perhaps on the same level as in Thailand.

I spent only about 500 EUR in 2 weeks – including accommodation, one local flight, food and souvenirs!

Tea in a carpet shop in Esfahan, Iran

Having a tea at a carpet shop in Esfahan was quite fun and we had a good chat with the owner. Nobody of us bought anything.

Iran is developed and advanced

The infrastructure in Iran runs smoothly and people are well educated. Of course the people you’ll speak to will be mostly those with a good level of English, but that’s quite a big part of the young educated population.

It’s a fact that it takes 10 years to gain a PhD in Iran! So those who study are very serious about it.

Chatting with locals at Hafez' mausoleum, Shiraz, Iran

Smart PhD students often came for a chat – this scene is from poet Hafez’ mausoleum, Shiraz.

Iran has been Islamic for only 1300 Years

Ok, 1300 years does sound like a long time. But the Persian culture shaped throughout the times of Persian Empire was not lost, rather absorbed into Iran’s Islam.

It is therefore a bit different to regimes in the neighboring countries, not only because Iran’s population is predominantly made of Shiite Muslims.

Getting ready for a prayer in a mosque in Esfahan, Iran

Getting ready for an afternoon prayer.. first step is to roll out these big carpets.

Iranians divide their country’s history before & after the Revolution of 1979

After you’ll speak with a few locals, you’ll notice how they naturally divide the past before and after the Revolution, when the spiritual leader Ayatollah Khomeini took over and Iran became more Islamic.

Study Iran’s history, it’s incredibly interesting. I found Lonely Planet’s overview of Iran’s history very well described. Get a Lonely Planet guidebook now to do some reading before your trip.

Khomeini Khamenei Iran

Portraits of Ayatollah Khomeini and the current Ayatollah Ali Khamenei are present everywhere you look.

Iranians are so diverse – you can even meet green-eyed people!

There are many ethnic groups living in Iran. You can see representatives of nomadic tribes and of the neighboring countries who have fully assimilated and become Iranians.

You’ll be amazed by the big bright blue or green eyes of many!

Baker in Shiraz, Iran

Green eyed baker in Shiraz, Iran. He can be either of an Afghan origin, or from a nomadic tribe.

Women have a certain level of freedom

I’m not here to praise Iranian women’s freedom as it’s obviously far from what we’re used to in Europe, but compared to other countries in the region women have relatively more rights.

Take the then 18 year old film director Samira Makhmalbaf who became world-famous by directing ‘The Apple’ in 1998. She’s a woman, and young!

Also, as opposed to e.g. Saudi Arabia, women are allowed to drive. When it comes to women’s rights, Lonely Planet quite fittingly calls Iran the ‘Country of contrasts’.

In fact, many households are ruled by women. Mothers have the upper hand at home while outside, it’s the men. This dynamic seems to work quite well for Iran.

TravelGeekery's Veronika with local ladies in Esfahan, Iran

With local ladies in Esfahan, Iran

Iranians are proud of their nation

Persia has a long history and Iranians carry a lot of national pride in them.

Some people you’ll meet might be critical to certain past or present representatives, but the overall feel you’ll get is that they are proud to be Iranian.

Ancient City of Persepolis, near Shiraz, Iran

The incredible ancient city of Persepolis, just an hour away from Shiraz.

Iran is the no. 1 nation for picnics

I’ve never seen anything like it! Any patch of grass, or actually even a concrete sidewalk, is an ideal picnic spot!

People roll out a Persian carpet, get out flasks with tea and some snacks and their favorite pastime is on! Some even bring gas stoves and actually cook their meals.

If you’re in Esfahan, walk around the Imam Square in late afternoon, you’ll see many locals sitting down for a picnic with family or friends. If you’re lucky, you might even be invited to one.

Picnic in front of Amir Chakhmaq Complex in Yazd, Iran

Iranians picnicking in front of Amir Chakhmaq Complex in Yazd, Iran.

Iranians are very family-oriented

Love of family emanates from Iranians like from no other nation I’ve visited. Perhaps it’s also because they don’t use strollers much, so they carry their young ones in their arms.

You can often encounter parents or grandparents cuddling their babies and it really seems like family is in the center of the universe for them.

Women with kids in front of Quran Gate, Shiraz, Iran

Women with kids in front of Quran Gate, Shiraz.

Iranians don’t eat out very much

You might find out there are not restaurants on every corner as you’re used to from your travels. Iranians traditionally eat most of their meals at home (or on a picnic), with a work lunch occasionally taken at a street stand.

It’s not that common to go eat out.

Many of the restaurants you’ll encounter have been set up for tourists, and that’s not necessarily a bad thing. If you stay at a traditional house instead of a hotel, you can taste the real homemade cuisine that’s so sought after!

Traditional Banquet Hall in Esfahan, Iran

One of touristy, but good, restaurants: Traditional Banquet Hall in Esfahan.

Liberal North, conservative South

Generally speaking, the North including Tehran is much more liberal when it comes to views, opinions and even clothing.

The further to the South you’ll go, the more long black chadors you’ll see and the more conservative and traditional people are. Just be aware of that if you travel down South.

A wide selection of chadors in a bazaar of Yazd, Iran

A wide selection of chadors in a bazaar of Yazd.

Iran is not touristy

Among the friendly people who’ll approach you, there might be an occasional vendor, but even if you’re taken into a carpet shop for a cup of tea, you’re in no way obliged to buy anything and you can easily get out of there.

The lack of ‘pushiness’ from street vendors is refreshing!

But it might not last forever. Iran is becoming increasingly more popular among travellers, so go visit while it’s still unspoiled by mass tourism!

A rug seller in Esfahan, Iran

Funny Behrus, a seller of rugs, has friends in Prague and showed me a book he got :)

One resource that helped my tremendously to wrap my mind around the country’s history and better understand the people: Lonely Planet Guidebook. The one on Iran is a high quality one. Check it here.

If you’re considering travelling to Iran, get inspired by my 2 week itinerary. And – I even have advice on what to wear (for both ladies and gents).

For some further reading on the ethnicity of Iranians, the early history and cultural development, head to this Wikipedia article.

What do you think? Would you travel to Iran? Have you been there already? Do you agree with my views?

Enjoyed reading? Pin it for later!

Iran is fascinating and Iranians are super friendly! Read what I've learned about the country and the people when travelling in Iran


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Monday 14th of September 2020

Hi at first i have to say thank you about your site,because it says the truth and second there are lots of cities that you can visit with natural places like lorestan or borujerd or even north cities. everything is ready here for you to visit.


Tuesday 11th of February 2020

I'm a 17 year old Iranian girl and what the world think about us matters for me a lot that I read tourists' viewpoints about Iran as a hobby. Thank you for your unbiased blog, all you felt and wrote was true. To be honest, I don't blame foregners if they get us wrong. We haven't done much to show what Iran really is. That's why I appreciate your notes Veronica. (Although we feel uneasy to call someone who's older than us by his/her first name :) ) By the way, I live in the north of Iran and I suggest you guys to search about its amazing nature!


Saturday 12th of October 2019

hi I agree with you. IRAN is a great country with great Culture and history. I suggest you to visit my country . The important thing to keep in mind is to ignore media propaganda against my country. We love all the guests. This is in our culture and religion. I hope you have a nice trip to Iran.


Monday 30th of September 2019

Hi I'm happy to see that, thank you for coming Iran and we also glad if We see you again in Iran. Here in Iran, We have so much pretty cities like Lorestan, Tabriz, Kish, Mazandaran and... And every cities in Iran had a lot of place to see. You can search that in Wikipedia before you come. And Iran is chip because a worker in Iran gives just 100 dollars in month... Sorry about my language because my English language is not well but I'm trying to improve that... And in the end, yes, Iran is great country but it will better If people in Iran has no problems like money, government forces or war. I don't know You know or not but Persian people are so depressed... Depressed people with big hearts... Sorry about my sad comment❤


Monday 1st of July 2019

Hey I congratulate you on your choice of your trip to Iran I think you did not get to know Hamedan Hamedan is one of the oldest cities in the world. (1100 BCE) Dear Veronica If you or any of the tourists around the world are planning to travel to Iran, in addition to cities like Shiraz and Isfahan and the northern towns, you can also choose Hamedan as a fun destination for your trips. Hamadan has unique attractions such as the Natural Indoor, the unique Alisadr Cave, the underground villages, the monuments and the unique climate. Hope to meet you friend


Thursday 11th of July 2019

Hi Ehsan, thank you for your tips! I haven't heard of Hamedan before.